A pair of small organs located at the lower area in the stomach are called ovaries. They are connected to the womb and both of them are the size of an almond and produce eggs and the hormones progesterone and estrogen. Ovarian cancer is a common type of cancer in women that starts in the ovaries. It affects women who have experienced menopause (mostly after the age of 50) but can happen to younger women too. Consult the best gynaecologist in Gurgaon if you notice symptoms of ovarian cancer.
How Does Ovarian Cancer Develop?
When the cells in the ovary begin to change/expand unusually that means ovarian cancer has started to grow. If the cancer is not diagnosed at an early stage, it may split the ovary skin and start spreading to the pelvis and abdomen area (peritoneal cavity).
Mostly, ovarian cancer is not detected until it has reached the pelvis or abdomen area. During this late stage, it is much more difficult to treat. However, early-stage ovarian cancer in which the disease is limited to the ovary can be treated successfully. Make sure to visit the trusted gynae clinic in Gurgaon and acquire excellent treatments and services at an early stage.
Early Symptoms of Ovarian Cancer
If the symptoms are identified and the cancer is detected at an early stage, the result is a lot more optimistic. However, you can easily overlook the early symptoms of ovarian cancer because of the similarities to other common sicknesses. Due to this, most women are not detected until the disease has spread.
The early symptoms include:
- Constant abdominal bloating, pain & pressure
- unusual fullness after eating
- Swollen stomach
- Discomfort in your stomach or pelvic area
- An urge to urinate often
Other symptoms, such as:
- Fatigue & indigestion
- Heartburn & constipation
- Irregular menstruation
- Pain during sexual intercourse
Types of Ovarian Cancer
The ovaries are made of three different types of cells, so each cell can grow into a different kind of tumor. The type of cell where cancer starts decides the kind of ovarian cancer you have. To know what type of ovarian cancer you have, ensure to connect with the best gynae in Gurgaon. Ovarian cancer types are:
Epithelial Tumors: It starts in the thin layered tissue that covers the outer area of the ovaries. Almost 90% of ovarian cancers are epithelial tumors.
Germ cell Tumors: It starts in the egg-producing cells. This type is very rare and it tends to happen in younger women.
Stromal Tumors: This type of ovarian cancer starts in the ovarian tissue that holds hormone-producing cells. It is mostly detected at an early stage compared to other ovarian tumors. Also, almost 7% of ovarian tumors are stromal.
There is no certain way to prevent ovarian cancer but you can know the ways to reduce the risk by consulting one of the well-experienced doctors, Dr Neeru Mehra. You can consider taking birth control pills after asking your doctor which pill is right for you. But as they too have risks, discuss whether the perks outweigh those risks as per your condition.